Children are never born racists or with discriminatory minds. They learn these behaviors from people and events around them. If parents or caregivers tell them things that make them see people in a different light, they will grow up with that idea, and it may be difficult to correct when they are adults.
For Parents or caregivers
The greatest prevention plan may come from parents. Parents must set good examples in their attitudes, words and behavior towards others. Children are able to recognize differences and hold sectarian prejudices from the age of three.
Do not think children are too young to know about prejudice and discrimination. As children grow, speak to them about prejudice and discrimination and how that hurts people. Speak to them about the need to appreciate differences. Encourage our children to think through the consequences of prejudice & discrimination for themselves —Barnados
Encourage and support children who have been discriminated at. Doing nothing is not a good idea, as it will not make discrimination go away.
For young people
It is very important that you realize that the world is a very big place and there are humans living in many other places, very far from you. Because of that, people do things differently and are brought up differently. That means what you think is cool may not be so for another person, because of where they come from. Being different is a good thing. Can you imagine if every human was just like you?
Learn to appreciate diversity and respect people who are different in any way. People may be disabled, transgender, dark-skin or have a different hair color. No one chose to be that way. If even people choose to believe or join specific groups, they have a right to belong and a right to believe what they want. We MUST learn to respect that, just as you would like others to respect you for who you are.