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Factsheet on teens and drug abuse



Categories & types of drugs, and their effects.

Cannabinoids
bulletMarijuana (street names: Blunt, dope, ganja, grass, herb, joint, Mary Jane, pot, reefer, green, sinsemilla, skunk, weed etc)

bulletHashish (street names: Boom, gangster, hash, hash oil, hemp, etc)

Acute Effects: Euphoria; relaxation; slowed reaction time; distorted sensory perception; impaired balance and coordination; increased heart rate and appetite; impaired learning, memory; anxiety; panic attacks; psychosis
Health Risks: Cough, frequent respiratory infections; possible
mental health decline; addiction

Opioids

bulletHeroin (street names: Diacetylmorphine,smack, horse, brown sugar, dope, H, junk, skag, skunk, white horse, China white, etc)

bulletOpium (street names: Laudanum, paregoric: big O, black stuff, block, gum, hop, etc)

Acute Effects: Euphoria; drowsiness; impaired coordination; dizziness; confusion; nausea; sedation; feeling of heaviness in the body; slowed or arrested breathing
Health Risks: Constipation; endocarditis; hepatitis; HIV; addiction; fatal overdose


Stimulants

bulletCocaine (Street names: Cocaine hydrochloride: blow, bump, C, candy, Charlie, coke, crack, flake, rock, snow, toot, etc)

bulletAmphetamine (Street names: Biphetamine, Dexedrine: bennies, black beauties, crosses, hearts, LA turnaround, speed, truck drivers, uppers, etc)

bulletMethamphetamine (Street names: Desoxyn: meth, ice, crank, chalk, crystal, fire, glass, go fast, speed, etc)

Acute Effects: Increased heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, metabolism; feelings of exhilaration; increased energy, mental alertness; tremors; reduced appetite; irritability; anxiety; panic; paranoia; violent behavior; psychosis, Severe dental problems (for methamphetamine), Nasal damage from snorting (for cocaine)
Health Risks: Weight loss, insomnia; cardiac or cardiovascular complications; stroke; seizures; addiction


Club Drugs

These drugs are often used by young adults at all-night dance parties, dance clubs and bars. They include:
bulletMDMA (methylenedioxy-methamphetamine). Street names: Ecstasy, Adam, clarity, Eve, lover's speed, peace, uppers, etc.

bulletFlunitrazepam (Street names: forget-me pill, Mexican Valium, R2, roach, Roche, roofies, roofinol, rope, rophies, etc)

bulletGHB (Street names: G, Georgia home boy, grievous bodily harm, liquid ecstasy, soap, scoop, goop, liquid X, etc)

Acute Effects: for MDMA - Mild hallucinogenic effects; increased tactile sensitivity; empathic feelings; lowered inhibition; anxiety; chills; sweating; teeth clenching; muscle cramping.
For Flunitrazepam - Sedation; muscle relaxation; confusion; memory loss; dizziness; impaired coordination
For GHB - Drowsiness; nausea; headache; disorientation; loss of coordination; memory loss
Health Risks: for MDMA - Sleep disturbances; depression; impaired memory; hyperthermia; addiction
For GHB - Unconsciousness; seizures; coma

Dissociative Drugs
These include: Ketamine, PCP and analogs, Salvia divinorum, Dextromethorphan (DXM)

Acute Effects: Feelings of being separate from one’s body and environment; impaired motor function
For Ketamine - Analgesia; impaired memory; delirium; respiratory depression and arrest; death
For PCP and analogs - Analgesia; psychosis; aggression; violence; slurred speech; loss of coordination; hallucinations
For DXM - Euphoria; slurred speech; confusion; dizziness; distorted visual perceptions
Health Risks: Anxiety; tremors; numbness; memory loss; nausea

Hallucinogens
They include LSD Mescaline Psilocybin

Acute Effects: Altered states of perception and feeling; hallucinations; nausea
For LSD - Increased body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure; loss of appetite; sweating; sleeplessness; numbness, dizziness, weakness, tremors; impulsive behavior; rapid shifts in emotion
For Mescaline - Increased body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure; loss of appetite; sweating; sleeplessness; numbness, dizziness, weakness, tremors; impulsive behavior; rapid shifts in emotion
For Psilocybin - Nervousness; paranoia; panic
Health Risks: for LSD - Flashbacks, Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder

Other Compounds
Anabolic steroids (Anadrol, Oxandrin, Durabolin, Depo-Testosterone, Equipoise: roids, juice, gym candy, pumpers)
Inhalants (Solvents (paint thinners, gasoline, glues); gases (butane, propane, aerosol propellants, nitrous oxide); nitrites (isoamyl, isobutyl, cyclohexyl): laughing gas, poppers, snappers, whippets

Acute Effects: for Anabolic steroids - No intoxication effects, Also, for Inhalants (varies by chemical) - Stimulation; loss of inhibition; headache; nausea or vomiting; slurred speech; loss of motor coordination; wheezing
Health Risks: for Anabolic steroids - Hypertension; blood clotting and cholesterol changes; liver cysts; hostility and aggression; acne; in adolescents—premature stoppage of growth; in males—prostate cancer, reduced sperm production, shrunken testicles, breast enlargement; in females—menstrual irregularities, development of beard and other masculine characteristics

Also, for Inhalants - Cramps; muscle weakness; depression; memory impairment; damage to cardiovascular and nervous systems; unconsciousness and sudden death


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