The Tundra Biome
This is known to be the coldest of all the terrestrial (land) biomes, with the least bio-diversity capacity.
Tundra got its name from ‘Tunturia’ a Finnish word that means ‘ barren land’. This biome has very little
rain with freezing temperatures, and covers about a fifth of the earth’s land surface.
There are two major tundra biomes: The Arctic Tundra and the Alpine Tundra. The Arctic tundra is located
around the north-pole in the northern hemisphere. This biome has temperatures of about 2-3 in the
summer and about -35 in the winter. Bogs and ponds are common as a result of constantly frozen
surface moisture and melted permafrost.
Plants in the Arctic Tundra are short and grow closely to each other.
Examples include mosses, heaths and lichen. They are adapted to perform
photosynthesis even in the freezing conditions. Animals here include
herbivores like hares and squirrels. Carnivores include polar bears and
artic foxes. It also has lots of birds, insets and fish like cod and salmon.
The Alpine Tundra is very cold, located on top of high mountains, often
with very few trees and very little vegetative cover. They are icy for a
larger part of the year. Animals in this biome include some birds,
mountains goats and marmots. There are also beetles and butterflies.
Click Here to see a basic food chain the The Tundra
Use buttons below to see other biomes