Introduction to forest preservation
Environmental activists consider forests as one of the top 5 natural resources on earth. This is rightly so, and today, we shall look at how wonderful our forests are to us, and why we should immediately stop its' destruction.
There is more to forests than just a massive collection of trees. It is a natural, complex ecosystem, made up of a wide variety of trees, that support a massive range of life forms.
Apart from trees, forests also include the soils that support the trees, the water bodies that run through them and even the atmosphere (air) around them. Forests of the world are a natural wonder that humans have sadly taken for granted.
Forests come in many sizes and forms. For example, the piece of land with huge trees and many animals, birds and water bodies running through it in a part of Kenya can be called a forest. In the same way, the large belt of thick, evergreen trees running from Peru to Brazil (called the Amazon Rain Forest) is also a forest. A good example is the Amazon Rain Forest.
It is estimated that two-thirds of the world's forest are currently distributed among 10 countries:
(REF: IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature)
Forests are hugely important for life on earth. This is because it serves as an ecosystem, and sustains life for millions of animals, birds and animals that live in the rivers and streams running through these forests. It also does a lot of good to the atmosphere in climate control, as well as supplying oxygen for human sustenance.
The term we use to describe the variety of living things, animals and plants, their living environments and genes is called Biodiversity. It is believed that the Amazon Forest has the widest biodiversity.
In the next pages, we shall look at the types and importance of forests, the problem of deforestation and its' effects, as well as what we can do to minimise the consequences.