What is deforestation for kids ESchooltoday Home, All Lessons
 
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What is s forest for kids
Types of forestsLayers of a typical forestWhat is forestry for kids
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What is deforestation for childrenDegradation of forests
Problems of deforestation
Deforestation prevention tips



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Effects of deforestation

Looking at the importance of forests and trees in the previous pages, you can deduce the massive effects of deforestation and tree-cutting activities. Let us see a few below:

forest pointSoil erosion destruction.
Soils (and the nutrients in them) are exposed to the sun’s heat. Soil moisture is dried up, nutrients evaporate and bacteria that help break down organic matter are affected. Eventually, rain washes down the soil surfaces and erosion takes place. Soils never get their full potential back.

forest pointWater Cycle
When forests are destroyed, the atmosphere, water bodies and the water table are all affected. Trees absorb and retain water in their roots. A large part of the water that circulates in the ecosystem of rainforests remains inside the plants. Some of this moisture is transpired into the atmosphere. When this process is broken, the atmosphere and water bodies begin to dry out. The watershed potential is compromised and less water will run through the rivers. Smaller lakes and streams that take water from these larger water bodies dry up.

forest pointLoss of Biodiversity
Many wonderful species of plants and animals have been lost, and many others remain endangered. More than 80% of the world's species remain in the Tropical Rainforest. It is estimated that about 50 to 100 species of animals are being lost each day as a result of destruction of their habitats, and that is a tragedy.

deforestation effects

Many beautiful creatures, both plants and animals have vanished from the face of the earth.

forest pointClimate Change
Plants absorb Carbon Dioxide CO2 (a greenhouse gas) from the atmosphere and uses it to produce food (carbohydrates, fats, and proteins that make up trees). In return, it gives off Oxygen. Destroying the forests mean CO2 will remain in the atmosphere and in addition, destroyed vegetation will give off more CO2 stored in them as they decompose. This will alter the climate of that region. Cool climates may get a lot hotter and hot places may get a lot cooler.
See full lesson on Climate Change here

deforestation meaningForest information for children

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SEE OTHER LESSONS AVAILABLE ON ESCHOOLTODAY
ENVIRONMENT: WASTE MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES FOR CHILDREN  | CLIMATE CHANGE & GLOBAL WARMING EXPLAINED
LAND POLLUTION | AIR POLLUTION | WATER POLLUTION | OZONE DEPLETION | OVERFISHING | WATER SCARCITY
ECOSYSTEMS OF THE EARTH RENEWABLE ENERGY | NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY, | KINDS OF ENERGY


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