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kids info on forests

 

Types of Forests

Tropical rainforests
forest pointHugely dense, lush forest with canopies preventing sunlight from getting to the floor of the forest.
forest pointAll year high temperatures and abundant rainfall.
forest pointLocated near the equator.
forest pointA vital storehouse of biodiversity, sustaining millions of different animals, birds, algae and fish species.

Sub-tropical forests
forest pointLocated at the south and north of the tropical forests.
forest pointTrees here are adapted to resist the summer drought.

Mediterranean forests
forest pointLocated at the south of the temperate regions around the coasts of the Mediterranean, California, Chile and Western Australia.
forest pointThe growing season is short and almost all trees are evergreen, but mixed with hardwood and softwood.

Temperate forests
forest pointLocated at Eastern North America, Northeastern Asia, and western and eastern Europe.
forest pointMix of deciduous and coniferous evergreen trees.
forest pointUsually, the broad-leaved hardwood trees shed leaves annually.
forest pointThere are well-defined seasons with a distinct winter and sufficient rainfall.

Coniferous forests
forest pointLocated in the cold, windy regions around the poles.
forest pointThey come in both hardwoods and conifers.
forest pointThe hardwoods are deciduous.
forest pointThe conifers are evergreen and structurally adapted to withstand the long drought-like conditions of the long winters.

Montane forests
forest pointKnown as cloud forests because they receive most of their precipitation from the mist or fog that comes up from the lowlands.
forest pointUsually found in high-elevation tropical, subtropical and temperate zones.
forest pointPlants and animals in these forests are adapted to withstanding the cold, wet conditions and intense sunlight.
forest pointTrees are mainly conifers.

Plantation forests
forest pointHas around 7% of global forest cover (140 million hectares).
forest pointProduces more sustainable timber and fibre than natural forests.
forest pointPlantations produce around 40% of industrial wood.
forest pointPlantation forests are on the increase.


Did you know...
forest tipsSymbiotic relationships between species:
Many species in the rainforest work together. In a symbiotic relationship, two different species help and benefit from each other. For example, some plants are homes for ants, and the ants protect other insects and from eating the plant's leaves.


Protect forestsForest information for children

forests information for children

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