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Malaria Fact Sheet


Below are a few interesting facts on malaria...

Malaria and infants:
Approximately 80% of all malaria deaths occur in young African children. Infants are vulnerable to malaria from approximately 3 months of age, when immunity acquired from the mother starts to wane.

Malaria prone regions:
Countries with high malaria occurrences is termed
malaria-endemic countries

Malaria in pregnancy:
Malaria in pregnancy increases the risk of: maternal anaemia, stillbirth, spontaneous abortion, low birth weight and neonatal death.

Malaria and HIV:
These are two of the most devastating global health problems of our time. - Together they cause more than 4 million deaths a year. HIV-infected are particularly vulnerable to malaria.

Economic costs:
The economic costs of malaria in Africa is huge. Malaria is estimated to cost Africa more than USD 12 billion every year in lost GDP.

Incubation period of malaria:
The time between the infective mosquito bite and the development of malaria symptoms can range from 7 to 40 day depending on the type of Plasmodia involved. One strain of Plasmodium, called P. vivax, may have a prolonged incubation period of eight to 10 months.

Estimated malaria cases, 2010
Globally: 216 million
Africa: 174 million
Americas: 1 million
Eastern Mediterranean: 10 million
Europe: 200
South-East Asia: 28 million
Western Pacific: 2 million

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