Interesting Migration Facts
Globally, migration is on the rise. People are living in other places more than ever before. In 2013, approximately 232 million people (3.2%) of the world’s population were international migrants. In 2000, there were 175 million, and 154 million in 1990. This means more people are living in other places than where they were born.
Did you know…
Europe and Asia are hosts to about two-thirds of all international migrants. They are the most popular destination for migrants. However, in absolute terms (country by country terms), Northern America (USA and Canada) has the fastest growing migrant rate.
In 2013, about half of international migrants lived in these ten countries:
USA (45.8 million), Russian Federation (11 million), Germany (9.8 million), Saudi Arabia (9.1 million), United Arab Emirates (7.8 million), United Kingdom (7.8 million), France (7.4 million), Canada (7.3 million), Australia (6.5 million), and Spain (6.5 million).
Source: UN, Dept. of Economics and Social Affairs
Globally, there were about 15.4 million refugees at the end of 2010, an increase of about 153,000, and about 800,000 asylum seekers. The increase is due to the worsening of the conflict in Somalia, as more people had to flee from the violence. Other places such as Libya and Ivory Coast also contributed to the rise in numbers.
In 2010, an estimated 12.3 million (adults and children) were trafficked into the USA and forced into labour, bonded labour and forced prostitution. It is believed that 2 out of 1,000 people are victims of human trafficking.
A recent continent-wide household survey revealed that, in 2010, an estimated 30 million Africans living abroad sent over USD 40 billion back home, representing 2.6 per cent of Africa’s GDP and four times the total amount recorded in 1990 (World Bank, 2011c). Remittances are the African continent’s largest source of net foreign inflows after foreign direct investment (FDI).
Our readings for this lesson included the following resources below:
1. WORLD MIGRATION REPORT 2011. COMMUNICATING EFFECTIVELY ABOUT MIGRATION., International Organization for Migration http://publications.iom.int/bookstore/free/WMR2011_English.pdf
2. South American Immigrants in the United States, The Migration Policy Institute. http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/south-american-immigrants-united-states
3. Press release: 232 million international migrants living abroad worldwide–new UN global migration statistics reveal. http://esa.un.org/unmigration/wallchart2013.htm
4. Standardised statistics on immigrant inflows results, sources and methods Pauline Fron, Georges Lemaitre, Thomas Liebig, Cécile Thoreau Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development September 2008. http://www.oecd.org/els/mig/41281008.pdf
5. Migration and inclusive societies. UNESCO, http://www.unesco.org/new/en/social-and-human-sciences/themes/international-migration/
6. The Migration Observatory. Briefings, http://www.migrationobservatory.ox.ac.uk/briefing
7. WHO IS UNDOCUMENTED? University of Texas at Austin, https://world.utexas.edu/isss/students/dreamers/who-is-undocumented
8. Who Is an Undocumented Immigrant? http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/who-is-undocumented-immigrant.html
9. What Is Illegal Immigration? http://immigration.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=000756