Social impact of droughts
The social implication of droughts is perhaps the most felt, as they directly involve us and our families. Some people (especially those from developed countries) have never experienced what is it to live without adequate water. It is a nightmare.
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Health has a direct link to the water supply of any settlement. Clean water for drinking and water for cleaning and sanitation help society prevent and manage diseases.
Hunger, malnutrition, anaemia and mortality impacts of droughts are indirect in nature. Droughts cause low food production (crops and livestock), and particularly in poorer regions, people have less to eat. Food nutrition also is a problem, and that leads to vulnerability, diseases/illness and deaths. This is particularly so in remote communities of poorer countries, where communication and accessibility is usually poor.
Fresh water levels and water discharge during droughts are low, resulting in less dilution in ecosystem waters. This means that the concentration of chemicals, nutrients and solid particles increases, and dissolved oxygen decreases.
People migrate to other places in search of better living conditions. This makes a region in drought vulnerable, as many of its young and working population are forced leave. Farm families suffer more when family members migrate. Droughts in more rural areas of the world cause strain on family lives. There is more pressure on women to work outside farms to help provide for the family.
Anxiety, stress and the generallyl low and drained feeling of not knowing when things will improve can have a negative effect on people. People are unhappy and depressed because all the things that they used to do is no longer available and they have to deal with a difficulty that has no end in sight. Community networks are broken and social interaction decreases. This results in low esteem and feeling of social isolation.
People feel unsafe and threatened by loss of forest and wild fires, as well as loss of human life.