Earthquakes events in recent time.
The greatest earthquake in history occurred in Chile, 1960 May 22 19:11:14. It had a magnitude of 9.5 and approximately 1,655 were killed, 3,000 injured, 2,000,000 homeless, and $550 million damage in southern Chile. Researchers believe that there would have been more deaths and damage if theta had happened in recent time, where the population is higher are more people living in closer proximity.
On Tuesday, January 12, 2010, another earthquake measuring 7.0 with an epicenter 16 miles west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti struck, killing over 100,000 people and affecting over 3 million others. The government of Haiti estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged.
Wikipedia, 2010 Haiti Earthquake.
April 11, 2012, an earthquake of magnitude 8.6 struck the Indonesian Province of Aceh. It is believed that 5 people died as a result of this earthquake.
On Friday 11 March 2011, The T?hoku earthquake and tsunami struck with a magnitude of 9.0. It is believed to be the most powerful earthquake that ever hit Japan, with over 15,000 deaths, 3,000 missing, and over 120,000 buildinsg flattened. This earthquake also caused extensive damage to roads, dams, and many huge power and water installations.
Earthquakes and tsunamis cause the greatest mortality, with the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami accounting for around 230,000 deaths. On top of its huge impact on life, the Indian Ocean Tsunami made 1.5 million homeless, whilst the 2005 earthquake in Pakistan killed 86,000 people and left millions homeless. While the Indian Ocean Tsunami reduced Indonesia’s GDP growth only marginally, by 0.1 to 0.4 per cent, the hardest hit province of Aceh lost capital stock equivalent to 97 per cent of its GDP.
An earthquake of magnitude 7.7 struck southwest Pakistan on Tuesday, 24th September 2013, killing more than 327 and injuring hundreds more. Reports indicated that houses were flattened. The same earthquake caused a thrust up our of the sea, forming a small island of about 20-30ft high and about 100ft in diameter.
Has your country or city experienced an earthquake before? We do not wish that to happen, but it is important to know if your city is along a fault line, or if your city is prepared for natural occurrences like this.
Our research for this topic included these sources:
pubs.usgs.gov/gip/2006/21/gip-21.pdf., Wikipedia, BBC News, CNN News, www.iris.edu/hq/programs/education_and_outreach/animations/20., earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/kids/kidsLearningLinks.php., environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/natural-disasters/earthquake-profile/., science.discovery.com/life-earth-science/10-natural-disasters.htm