Earthquakes and tsunamis for kids

Earth tremors
All about earthquakes for kids
Earthquake words and meanings
How does an earthquake occur
Types of earthquakes for kids
How deos a tsunami form
How to prepare for an eartquake
Things to know about earthquakes
Fact sheet on earthquakes for children

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earthquake and kids

Important terms to know about earthquakes

Let us take a moment to learn about these terms to help us understand earthquakes better.

earthquake pointsTectonic Plates:
These are huge layers that make up the earth’s upper layers. They continually stretch, move, slide, and collide against each other. Even though they are constantly moving, we do not feel it. Each plate is about 50 to 250 miles (80 to 400 km) thick.

earthquake pointsFaults (or Fault plane or fault lines):
These are weak lines that can develop in the plates, usually on the surface of the earth. There are different types of faults and the major types include dip-slip normal, dip-slip reverse, strike-slip and oblique-slip.
The hypocenter is the location below the earth’s surface where the earthquake starts. The epicenter is the location directly above it on the surface of the earth.

earthquake pointsSeismograph and The Richter Scale (RS):
The seismograph is a device that scientists use to measure the magnitude of an earthquake. The Richter scale on the other hand is a scale or measure that is used to compare earthquakes. It is calculated in levels of ten. Example, an earthquake measuring 4 on the RS is ten times more than a measurement of 3, and an earthquake measuring 8 on the RS is 10 times more than one that measured 7 on the RS. As a guide, an earthquake measuring 3-5 is considered minor, 5-7 is moderate, 7-8 is major, and 8 or more is considered great and usually very devastating.

earthquake pointsRing of Fire:

This is the coastal belt of the Pacific Ocean (see diagram) which is the home of many volcanic eruptions, plate movement and major fault lines. About 90% of the world's earthquakes and 81% of the world's largest earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire. The Ring of Fire is a direct result of plate tectonics and the movement and collisions of lithospheric plates.

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earthquake and children

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