Ozone layer depletion tips for children

All about the Ozone Layer
What is Ozone gas?
Where is the ozone layer?
What does Ozone Depletion mean?How vulcanoes affect the ozone layer
Effects of Ultra-violet rays UV rays on humans
WHat is the Ozone Hole in the Antartica
Ozone layer depletion solutions

ozone space

What is Ozone?

Ozone is a natural gas composed of three atoms of oxygen. Its chemical symbol is O3. It is blue in color and has a strong odor.
Normal oxygen (O2), which we breathe, has two oxygen atoms and is colorless and odorless. Environmental scientists have classified O3 into two:
Good Ozone and Bad Ozone.
Where is the ozone layer

bulletGood Ozone
Good ozone (also called Stratospheric Ozone) occurs naturally in the upper Stratosphere. The stratosphere is the layer of space 6 to 30 miles above the earth's surface.

Where does good Ozone come from?

The air is full of gases reacting with each other, even though our eyes do not see. When UV light strikes (Oxygen) O2 molecules, they are split into two individual O atoms — O and O. When one of the O atoms combine with O2 molecule, ozone (O3) is created.

where does good ozone come from

Even though Ozone is only a small part of the gases in this layer, it plays a vital role because it shields us from the sun's harmful UV rays. It is called Good Ozone, for obvious reasons—because it protects humans, life and animals on earth.

bulletBad Ozone
Bad Ozone is also known as Tropospheric Ozone, or ground-level ozone. This gas is found in the troposphere, the layer that forms the immediate atmosphere. Bad Ozone does not exist naturally. Human actions cause chemical reactions between oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and volatile organic compounds (VOC).

Where does bad ozone come from?
Each time there is a reaction of chemicals such as those found in cars, power plants and factory emissions, in the presence of sunlight (UV light), Bad Ozone is created.

Bad ozone contaminates (dirties) the air and contributes to what we typically experience as "smog" or haze.
Note that this kind of smog is different from the deadly London winter type that killed 4000 people. Smog from bad ozone is usually in the summer, caused by the action of sunlight on a mixture of hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen. It is known as Photochemical or Summer Smog.

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