What is matter

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What is a chemical change

What is a Chemical Change?

Every day we experience chemical changes in many things around us. Think of a rotten orange, fried egg, rusted nail and even poop! — all these things involved an object (matter) going through a process that can never be reversed. A chemical process (reaction) caused that kind of change.

We say there us a chemical change in a matter when the internal make-up (molecules) of the object changes. Unlike a physical change, chemical changes cannot be reversed. Changes that cannot be reversed are called Non-reversible Change.

There are usually one or more new substances formed or created from that change. You can tell there is chemical change when it produces a gas, light, smell, fire (heat) or color change. A chemical change may also be accompanied by the formation of a solid in the form of a precipitate, and in some cases, accompanied by a gain or loss of energy.

A good example is the change that occurs when you fry an egg:

frying an egg is chemical change

Here is another example:
Think of the dry wood in the fireplace. When we light the wood up, it burns gently and after a while, it turns into ashes. As it burns, it produces heat, light and smoke which escapes through the chimney. The heat, light, fire and smoke are all good characteristics of a chemical reaction, which result in a completely new matter—ashes.

Note that the ashes from the burning wood have an entirely new molecular composition. It can never be turned back into wood again.

Here are 10 common examples of Chemical Change you can find in your home.
examples of chemical changeBaking cakes
examples of chemical changeRusting nails or metals or aluminium
examples of chemical changeBurning wood/log or lighting a match
examples of chemical changeExploding Fireworks
examples of chemical changeRipening and rotting bananas
examples of chemical changeDigesting food in your tummy
examples of chemical changeMixing an acid with a base, producing water and a salt
examples of chemical changeBaking turkey or grilling chicken
examples of chemical changeChanging color of autumn leaves
examples of chemical changeMilk going/gone bad...

When we eat, our bodies digest the food and converts sugars into energy, proteins into body cells and so on. When we breathe, our lungs absorb Oxygen from the air we breathe in, and uses the oxygen to enrich our blood. All these activities in our bodies are chemical activities. Their end results can not be reversed.

Can you think of ten more?

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Our reading and research on this lesson included these resources below:
1. BBC Bitesize resources., www.bbc.co.uk/schools/scienceclips/ages/8_9/solid_liquids_fs.shtml
2. Chem4Kids.com | Matter | www.chem4kids.com/files/matter_liquid.html
3. Annenberg Learner: www.learner.org/courses/essential/physicalsci/session4/closer2.html
4. Scholastic: studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/matter/solids-liquids-gases.htm
5. Chemical and Physical changes: Mrs Fabbro-Smith., mypage.direct.ca/k/kasmith/gina/index.html
6. Learn about Matter, Sciencewithme: sciencewithme.com/learn-about-matter/
7. American Chemical Society: Chemistry for life: www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/scienceforkids.html
8. Matter By Jacke Davies, San Jose' Elementary: www.schools.pinellas.k12.fl.us/educators/tec/Davis2/matter.ppt/sld002.htm
9. Sheila M. Estacio: www.nyu.edu/pages/mathmol/textbook/slg.html
10. We also looked at many more class activities by teachers and students.

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