global winds and local winds

Winds and air masses space
Introduction to windsWhat are winds
How are winds classified Types of global windsThe coriolis force
What are land and sea breezes
Valley breeze ad mountain breeze
How are winds measured
Important wind words


Climate Change
Earth System
Food Waste
Forest Preservation
Genetic Engineering
Ocean Acidification
Ozone Depletion
Renewable Energy


The Coriolis effect

To understand the Coriolis effect, let us first see what is going on around the earth with winds. The sun’s effect is strongest at the equator than the north and south poles. Regions along the equator, therefore, have the highest temperatures all year round.

Warm, less heavy equatorial air over very large areas rise high up into the atmosphere. We call this a low-pressure system. What happens? The space is filled with cold, dense air, flooding in from the poles. We call this a high-pressure system.

But there is something more to this. Remember the earth is constantly rotating? Yes. So, as the winds blow from the north and south towards the equator, their flow path is deflected by the earth’s rotation. When moving objects are viewed in a reference frame, their path looks curved. This is the
Coriolis effect, and it is simply caused the earth’s rotation. This effect makes wind systems on the southern side of the equator (southern hemisphere) spin clockwise and wind systems on the northern side (north hemisphere) spin counter-clockwise.

Here is an illustration of the effect:

coriolis effect
Because of this effect, winds in low-pressure zones are forced into a circular motion, just as the kind that begins to form with tropical storms.

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