Cancer information for kids

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Common types of cancer

There are more than 200 different types of cancer. Remember we said it is a disease of the cells? And cells make up tissues, and tissues make up organs? This means cancer can affect all your body organs: brain, blood, skin, cervix, throat, pancreas, stomach, intestines, liver, bladder, bone, testes, in fact all your body organs can be affected.

Breast, lung, bowel (colorectal) and prostate - account for over half (54%) of all new cases. The most common cancer type for men is prostate cancer, whiles breast cancer is the most common in women. Below is a list of 9 most common cancer types.

top 8 cancer typesBladder Cancer

Bladder cancer develops from the transitional cells which line the inside of the bladder. The common early symptom is blood in the urine. In most cases, the cancer is confined to the inside lining of the bladder. Normal bladder cancers is relatively easy to treat. If the cancer has spread into or through the muscle layer of the bladder wall then treatment is more difficult.

kinds of cancerLung Cancer
This forms in tissues of the lung, usually in the cells lining air passages. Smoking is the cause of most cases. There are two main types: small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Non-small cell lung cancer types are more common.

cancer pointBreast Cancer
It forms in tissues of the breast, affecting the ducts (tubes that carry milk to the nipple) and lobules (glands that make milk). It largely affects women.

cancer pointSkin cancer

There are two main types are: malignant melanoma (less common but more serious; and non-melanoma skin cancer, which is very common but not so serious)
It starts with cells that make the pigment melanin. Because it forms on the skin, patients are usually the first to spot the cancers on the skin.

cancer pointPancreatic Cancer
This type is also called exocrine cancer. The cancer cells form in the tissues of the pancreas.

cancer pointProstate Cancer
This type usually occurs in men over 50 years of age and the risk increases as you grow older. It develops in tissues of the prostate (a gland in the male reproductive system found below the bladder and in front of the rectum).

cancer pointLeukemia
It is commonly known as cancer of the blood. It starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow and causes large numbers of blood cells to be produced and enter the bloodstream. 

cancer pointThyroid Cancer
Cancer experts have put them into 4 types: papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancer. This cancer forms in the thyroid gland. The thyroid is located at the base of the throat.

The rest include Colon and Rectal Cancer, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Endometrial Cancer

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