## What is an electrical circuit?

An electrical circuit is a path or line through which an electrical current flows. The path may be closed (joined at both ends), making it a loop. A closed-circuit makes electrical current flow possible. It may also be an open circuit, where the flow of electrons is cut because the path is broken. An open circuit does not allow electrical current to flow.

Below is a basic set of symbols that you may find on circuit diagrams.

Note the parts of a simple circuit and the symbols that relate to them. A simple circuit has conductors, a switch, a load, and a power source. Here are the functions of each part:

Conductors:
These are usually copper wires with no insulation. They make the path through which the electricity flows. One piece of the wire connects the current from the power source (cell) to the load. The other piece connects the load back to the power source.

Switch:
The switch is simply a small gap in the conductor where you can close or open the circuit. When the switch is closed the circuit is closed, and electricity flows.