Conservation of natural resources
To have an environmentally sustainable and secure future where we can still enjoy natural resources, we urgently need to transform the way we use resources by completely changing the way we produce and consume goods and services.
The case of high resource consumption occurs primarily in the bigger cities of the world.
Cities worldwide are responsible for 60-80% of global energy consumption and 75% of carbon emissions, consuming more than 75% of the world’s natural resources.
To turn this unfortunate way of life around, we all have to play a role.
Education and Public Awareness
All stakeholders must aim to provide information and raise public awareness about the natural resources we have and the need to ensure its health. Even though there is a lot of information in the public domain, campaigners must try to use less scientific terms and avoid complex terminology to send the message across. Once people understand how useful our natural resources are, they will be better at preserving it.
Individuals, organizations, and nations
People and organizations in developed nations with high resource consumption rates must be aware of the issues of natural resources. People should understand that it is OK to enjoy all the items and gadgets at home but also give back to the environment by way of reducing waste, recycling waste, and becoming a part of the solution. We can achieve this in our homes and workplaces by reducing waste and also by recycling the waste we create.
Governments and Policy
Governments must enforce policies that protect the environment.
For example, a part of the Ross Sea in Antarctica is to be protected beginning from December 2017 (READ MORE HERE)
They must ensure that businesses and industries play fair and are accountable to all people. Incentives must be given to businesses that use recycled raw materials and hefty fines to those that still tap from raw natural resources. Businesses must return a portion of their profits to activities that aim at restoring what they have taken out of the environment.
Our research for this topic included these sources:
UNEP (2013) City-Level Decoupling: Urban resource flows and the governance of infrastructure transitions. A Report of the Working
Group on Cities of the International Resource Panel. Swilling M., Robinson B., Marvin S. and Hodson M.
Natural Resources, Conflict, and Conflict Resolution Report, First published September 14, 2007, United States Institute of Peace Washington, DC, https://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/file/08sg.pdf Accessed on April 22 2017