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Population growth means more need for natural resources:
The world population is expected to increase to 10.2 billion by 2050, with two-thirds living in cities. More than half of the anticipated growth is expected to occur in Africa (+1.3 billion), with Asia (+0.75 billion) expected to be the second-largest contributor to future population growth. Global demand for agricultural and energy production (mainly food and electricity), both of which are water-intensive, is expected to increase by roughly 60% and 80% respectively by 2025*.

*WWAP (United Nations World Water Assessment Programme)/UN-Water. 2018. The United Nations World Water Development Report 2018: Nature-Based Solutions for Water. Paris, UNESCO. Page 10, ISBN 978-92-3-100264-9

Natural Resources Consumption:
People in rich countries consume up to 10 times more natural resources than those in the poorest countries. On average, an inhabitant of North America consumes around 90 kilograms (kg) of resources each day. In Europe, consumption is around 45 kg per day, while in Africa, people consume only around 10 kg per day.

Which society consumes more?
Before industrial times, people lived by hunting and gathering. They consumed only renewable natural resources such as wood and sun. Wood was for basic shelter and carving hunting weapons. Each person consumed only about 3kg of natural resources per day.

In agrarian communities, more natural resources were used to power the farms, feed animals, and transport produce and meats. The average consumption per person in this community is 11kg per day.

In an industrial society, more energy, particularly fossil fuels are used to power production plants. Construction, infrastructure, transport, storage, marketing, and distribution often depend on energy and other natural resources. That is why industrialized nations consume so many resources. The average consumption per person is 44kg per day.

Waste Recovery is real:
Before the mid-1970, waste generated in Connecticut USA was sent to landfill. The state recognized the environmental hazards of it and made some policy changes. By 2010, about 92% of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) was saved from the landfill. Of this amount, a third is recycled, and two-thirds are combusted to energy. The energy is enough to power 100,000 homes

Our research for this topic included these sources:

OVERCONSUMPTION? Our use of the world´s natural resources., Page 3. © SERI, GLOBAL 2000, Friends of the Earth Europe, September 2009
2. Report: State of Connecticut, Resources Recovery Task Force Final Report December 13, 2013, http://www.ct.gov/deep/lib/deep/waste_management_and_disposal/solid_waste/transforming_matls_mgmt/resources_recovery_task_force/rrtf_final_report.pdf
Accessed on April 23, 2017