Forms of Migration

The various kinds of migration depend on the flow, and the number of people often involved, the reasons for their movement, the time they spend in migration, and the nature of that migration. Here are a few forms:

  • Intercontinental Migration:
    It is when the movement is across continents, such as from Korea (Asia) to Brazil (South America). If the movement is on the same continent, we say intracontinental migration. Sometimes, people migrate from one place to the other within the same region, continent, or country. That is also known as regional migration or internal migration.
  • Rural-Urban Migration:
    It involves the movement of people from rural areas or countrysides to urban areas of the same country in search of new opportunities and lifestyles.
  • Forced or involuntary Migration:
    It is when the government or authorities of a place, force people to migrate for a reason.
  • Impelled Migration (also called reluctant or imposed migration):
    Here, no one is forced to migrate but due to some push factors such as war, hunger, and other adverse conditions, people decide to leave.
  • Seasonal Migration:
    Sometimes people move during specific seasons such as crop harvesting and climate to work and then go back when the season is over.
  • Return Migration:
    It involves the voluntary return of migrants to their original place after they outlive the reasons for which they left. Often, young people who move into the cities to work and return home when they retire to spend the rest of their lives in the quiet of their towns and with old friends and family.
  • Long and short-term migration:
    People may consider migrating for good if the condition in their home is one that is threatening. For example, people move for better health care if they have some disease that requires some level of attention that can only be accessed in another place. On the other hand, it may be temporal. For example, a person may study in another place but may decide to stay and work for many years before going back for good.