The female reproductive system

The human female reproductive system is made up of the ovaries, egg tubes, uterus, cervix, and vagina.  All these are a vital part of the reproduction process. Below is a diagram of the female reproductive body.

The female reproductive system
The female reproductive system
Egg tubes (Oviduct)

The egg tube, also called the fallopian tube or oviduct, is the vessel through which egg cell travels to the uterus. Each ovary is connected to the uterus by an egg tube. Remember what we said about a mature egg being released every month at the lesson? There are tiny hairs in the fallopian tube called cilia, which aids in the smooth passage of the mature egg to the uterus. 

The ovary
The ovary

Women (females) are born with hundreds of undeveloped female egg cells or ova (one is called an ovum). These eggs are stored in the ovaries and released every month after puberty. Unused eggs dissolve and pass out during menstruation.

Here a simple diagram of an ovum under a microscope. 


This bag is like an inverted pear, held in place by ligaments and muscle. It has a very soft lining, which holds the fertilized egg and nurtures it till it is a fully developed baby. 

The Cervix

The cervix is a ring of muscle located at the lower third portion of the uterus. It forms a barrier between the uterus and the ‘V’. Until birth, the baby is held in place by the cervix. During birth, the cervix expands and the baby passes through it.

This is an elastic, muscular canal that connects the cervix to the outside of the woman’s body. It is the tube that receives the male organ during mating. During menstruation, it is the same tube through which the blood flows out. 

Now let us see the male reproductive system.